During the Dover trial, proponents of Darwin’s theory claimed that the Type III Secretion System needle complex refuted Michael Behe by showing how the flagellum could have evolved from a simpler structure through a Darwinian process. But the scientific evidence now shows that the needle complex originated after the flagellum had already developed.
Sophie S. Abby and Eduardo P.C. Rocha, “The Non-Flagellar Type III Secretion System Evolved from the Bacterial Flagellum and Diversified into Host-Cell Adapted Systems”
Casey Luskin, “Why the Type III Secretory System Can’t Be a Precursor to the Bacterial Flagellum”
Scott Minnich and Stephen Meyer, “Genetic Analysis of Coordinate Flagellar and Type III Regulatory Circuits in Pathogenic Bacteria”